For men, they only need to use water once a day when they shit. This is practical and very hygienic if they wash their hands with soap afterwards. The rest of the time, men do not need to wipe and do not even need a toilet. You can see men peeing everywhere all over India. Yes, sometimes it smells really bad. More educated men refrain from doing this and pee only in toilets. I’m sure that things are getting better in India, but an American visiting the country for the first time will certainly notice how common it is to see Indian men peeing openly anytime and any place they wish.